Listed Building and monuments in Winchester
Buildings or monuments are listed because they are of special architectural or historic interest. Anyone can nominate a building or monument in England for listing or de-listing by application to Historic England, who review the request. If they decide it is worthy of listing they present it to Government for approval (the Department of Culture, Media and Sport). Once it is listed English Heritage maintain a register of buildings which is now over 375,000. This is called The National Heritage List for England and also includes information on other types of designation such as scheduled monuments, registered parks and gardens, protected wreck sites and registered battlefields.
Once a building has been listed it can not be demolished, extended or altered without special permission from the local planning authority (in the case of Winchester this is the Winchester City Council). The Council may consult English Heritage, if significant alterations to the building are proposed. Owners of listed buildings are, in some circumstances, compelled to repair and maintain them and can face criminal prosecution if they fail to do so or if they perform unauthorised alterations.
With Winchester’s rich history it has many listed buildings, close to 500. These cover a number of major areas in the City:-
1. Winchester Cathedral, mainly within The Close.
2. Winchester College, originally called St Mary’s College based in College Street.
3. Peninsular Barracks, off Romsey Road.
4. The Historic core of the City eg High Street, Jewry Street, Parchment Street etc.
5. Historic suburb of St Cross.